Low back pain is pain located in the lower back, whose origin has to do with the musculoskeletal structure of the spine. This pathology affects both young people, adults and the elderly. Spondylitis belongs to the arthritis group which attacks the bone joints such as legs, arms, hip joints, spinal joints, shoulder joints, neck joints, etc. But, it is the shoulder, neck and hip joints which are mostly affected by spondylitis. In a minority of patients, the main symptom is pain and swelling of arms and legs. The most frequently affected are adolescents and people between 20 and 30 years old, especially males.
How to get total cure: Treatments
Stay as active as possible. Experts point out that the patient should maintain as much activity as possible and try to normalize it as soon as possible. During the painful episode, the patient should try to maintain the rhythm of activity within normality, but always avoiding overload of the back. To achieve this, it is necessary to know and apply postural hygiene standards that describe how to adopt postures, and perform movements or efforts. However, to get complete spondylitis and Back Pain Relief in Campbell, CA, you must visit Bay Area Disc Centers.
Apply heat or cold
If relieved, the patient may apply heat or cold to the painful area, although no scientific studies have been done to assess its effect. In general, cold is applied immediately after the injury and heat in the exacerbation of chronic ailments.
Pharmacotherapy is applied in three phases:
Phase 1 – when the lower back pain is at the initial stage, and not so effective, only affects the lower back portion – it is suggested to use proper analgesics.
Phase 2 – if the analgesics are not effective, their replacement with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be assessed.
Phase 3 – if it is not enough to control the pain, the specialist should consider adding a short batch of muscle relaxant, for less than a week.
Exercises for back pain and spondylitis
In patients who have not returned to their usual activities after six weeks, an exercise guideline should be attempted. Initially, they can try soft and generic activities such as walking or swimming, to prevent the weakening of the muscles. Later specific exercises for the back can be started. As soon the painful experience is gone, postural hygiene and daily exercise may help to reduce the risk of reproducing or crisis appearing. They can contribute to mitigating pain and stiffness in the joints, as well as increase strength and flexibility. The exercise program must be adapted to the needs of each patient and cover all affected areas.
Surgery and therapy
In patients in which there are specific selection criteria, in specific cases of the herniated disc, spinal stenosis or spondylitis or progressive scoliosis in children or adolescents, specialists can assess the performance of surgery. Whereas, behavioral therapy is indicated in chronic patients, and in those in which there may be psychosocial factors that increase the risk of chronicity.